Increasing resilience of smallholder farmers to Climate change through adoption of Climate Smart Agriculture practices in Mozambique
Thematic Area: Climate change
University: Mozambique Agriculture Research Institute (IIAM)
Project Leader: Dr Oscar Joao Chichongue
Collaborating Partners: Department of Agricultural Research Services (DARS), 2. Malawi; Nhacoongo Research Station; Mozambique
Duration: 2 years
Our climate is changing, limiting soil fertility conditions, agriculture, and food security has become a critical area of concern. Agricultural production and productivity rely on climate, soils, crops, livestock, and others. The sector has also been called upon to contribute to mitigating climate change. However, it is also the key economic driver on the continent and the main channel offering ecological intervention room to mitigate climate change.
The concept: To reduce the vulnerability of smallholder farmers to climate change variability and to increase the resilience to climate change, there is the need to continuously explore more innovative strategies while maintaining and improving the productivity of smallholder crop farmers, especially within the southern region of Mozambique, through the delivery of knowledge about new technologies such as Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA). Up scaling CSA practices will entail changing the behavior, strategies, and agricultural practices of smallholder farmers, who need to become better informed about the impacts of climate change so that they may adopt better climate-smart strategies. Indeed, it requires identifying and promoting appropriate CSA practices and technologies (new, improved, and adapted) within favorable enabling environments and needs to comprise constructive institutional arrangements, policies, and financial investments at both a local and an international level. The study identified four analogous districts in Inhambane Province, Mozambique, to ascertain crop farmers’ perception of climate change and adaptation experiences.
Expected Impact: the project aims to: (a) To document constraints and opportunities in CSA Production Systems in Inhambane, Mozambique; (b) To develop and validate best CSA practices that will reduce climate risk in smallholder farming systems that will improve agricultural productivity and soil properties; and (c) To build the capacity of farmers, extension workers, and other partners in implementing CSA-oriented technologies in the southern region of Mozambique.